Wildlife and Conservation in Indonesia

With is huge range of habitats Indonesia possesses an incredible variety of flora and fauna. The large islands of Sumatra and Borneo (of which the Indonesian part is known as Kalimantan) are less populated than the smaller islands and are still home to the larger mammals.

In Kalimantan there are an estimated 222 mammals of which 44 are endemic. Most famous is the orang-utan, the only great ape found in Asia and now critically endangered. There are 12 other primate species including five langur species and the endangered proboscis monkey.

There is also the Sumatran rhino, the most critically endangered species in the World, although the known population of only 30 individuals live in the Malaysian part of Borneo. There is also a small population of Pygmy elephants. Other endangered animals include the clouded leopard and the Borneo bay cat.

In Sumatra (see map) there is the Sumatran rhino, the smallest of all living rhino species and the only Asian variant with two horns. There are fewer than 100 individuals left in the wild, all in Sumatra as it was declared extinct in Malaysia in 2015. The island is also home to the Sumatran elephant (the smallest of all Asian elephants, the Sumatran tiger and the Sumatran orang-utan. All are critically endangered as illegal felling of primary forest, their habitat, continues for the cultivation of Palm and coffee plantations.

As you would expect from a country comprising of over 17,500 islands, the marine life is exceptional. Excellent scuba and snorkelling can be enjoyed at many destinations, including the Gili Island off the north coast of Lombok, the north coast of Bali and the west coast of Sumatra.

Other unique creatures abound as well, most famous the dragons that live on the small island of Komodo and whose bite is reputed to be deadly. With a thick saliva packed with bacteria this is often the case.

Safaris visiting this attraction

13 days
From £3229
Bali & Komodo In Style

Our Bali & Komodo In Style holiday is full of handpicked moments which make the journeys as engaging as the destinations. Spend time exploring the rural landscape and elaborate temples of central Bali, before journeying eastwards through the Komodo NP

10 days
From £1996
Borneo Rainforest and Beach

You’ll get generous helpings of everything this remarkable island is best at on our 10 day Borneo Rainforest & Beach holiday. Snorkel over coral reefs in a Marine Park, see rescued orang-utans at Sepilok - and spot for wild ones deep in Danum Valley Con

16 days
From £3630
Complete Borneo

Journey deep into the landscape and cultures of this remarkable island on our Complete Borneo holiday. Take a longtail boat to a tribal longhouse, visit orang-utan sanctuaries, explore pristine rainforest on foot and by boat, and disappear into one of the

12 days
From £2689
Essential Nusa Tenggara

Island-hop in search of Indonesia’s magnificent Komodo Dragon, explore Sumba’s megalithic tombs and hike to see traditional villages and sacred crater lakes on our captivating Essential Nusa Tenggara holiday.

13 days
From £1307
Undiscovered Sulawesi

Immerse yourself in north-east Indonesia’s stunning scenery as you travel between towering cliffs and remote coral reefs, discovering superb wildlife and distinctive culture on our compelling Undiscovered Sulawesi holiday.


Wildlife and Conservation in Indonesia